Você tem costume de tomar chimarrão? Entenda os benefícios de tomar essa bebida

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Atualizado: dezembro 16, 2015

“Gostaria de saber se é mito ou verdade se tomar chimarrão após as principais refeições ele tira as vitaminas dos alimentos? Ou se ele traz algum benefício.” (Devanir)

Devanir, isso é um mito. O tradicional mate, tomado em grupo na forma de chimarrão (principalmente no sul do país) ou como tererê (no sudeste e centro-oeste), interfere na absorção de alguns nutrientes e ajuda a eliminar algumas substâncias (principalmente tóxicas) do corpo, mas não influência na absorção das vitaminas. Muito pelo contrário, o chá-mate é considerado um dos alimentos mais completos por possuir uma grande quantidade de nutrientes essenciais ao nosso corpo, como alguns alcaloides (cafeína, teofilina, metilxantina e teobromina), vitaminas (principalmente do Complexo B), sais minerais (alumínio, cálcio, fósforo, ferro, magnésio, manganês e potássio), proteínas, açúcares, lipídios, celulose, dentre outros compostos. Pesquisas apontam que os benefícios são muitos, então para quem curte um “chima” ou um tererê, pegue lá seu mate e vamos a uma lista com alguns de seus benefícios para a saúde. Confira:

1- Ajuda na queima de calorias:

Com propriedades digestivas, o mate pode auxiliar em dietas e atividades físicas. Além de dar aquela disposição para exercícios devido a cafeína, eliminando assim a fadiga, graças a outros alcaloides em sua composição (como as metilxantinas) estimulam a queima de gordura. A principal vantagem em relação a outros estimulantes, como, por exemplo, o café, é que o mate não tem o mesmo efeito colateral de irritabilidade e insônia. No entanto, deve ser evitado por hipertensos, pessoas com problemas de ansiedade grave e por pessoas com anemia, já que possui substâncias estimulantes e que absorvem o ferro.

chimarrao-a-bebida-amarga-dos-gauchos_203107

2- Controla os níveis de colesterol e a taxa de glicose no sangue

Estudos apontam que a erva mate é um grande aliado no controle do colesterol e diabetes. Inclusive, o consumo de chimarrão, associado ao remédio para colesterol alto, pode chegar a triplicar a eficiência do tratamento. A diminuição do colesterol se deve principalmente a duas substâncias encontradas no mate: as saponinas (que, dentre seus principais efeitos, está a ação anti-inflamatória) e compostos fenólicos (com forte ação antioxidante). Essas substâncias são responsáveis por bloquear a absorção de colesterol no intestino delgado e inibir a produção de gorduras no fígado. Os compostos fenólicos também são ótimos aliados para pessoas com diabetes, interferindo na síntese e absorção de açúcares.

3- A erva-mate tem ação diurética

Além das propriedades laxativas, as metilxatinas (cafeína e teobromina) possuem efeito diurético, o que faz com que mais água seja eliminada mais rapidamente do corpo. Por isso, o chimarrão não pode substituir a hidratação com água. Tomado quente, o chimarrão auxilia ainda mais como diurético. Por isso, apesar de ser um auxiliar para a prática de exercícios, é importante que após as atividades físicas ocorra a reposição de água.

4- O mate é benéfico para o sistema cardiorespiratório e nervoso

Por ser um tônico estimulante do coração e do sistema nervoso o mate pode proporcionar benefícios para estados depressivos. Também auxilia na resistência muscular (e consequentemente evitando fadiga), regula e regenera algumas funções da respiração, além de ajudar na parte cognitiva, dentre outros efeitos. A erva também auxilia na “potência” de outros músculos, pois é um afrodisíaco, ajudando a combater a infertilidade e impotência.

5- Atenção aos vaidosos: a erva mate previne o envelhecimento

Por possuírem antioxidantes (como os compostos fenólicos), combatem o envelhecimento celular, tendo assim um papel importante na regeneração das células. Dessa forma, apesar de não ser uma “fonte da juventude”, o mate ajuda a prevenir o envelhecimento precoce. Ele também ajuda a prevenir uma das doenças mais comuns na terceira idade: a osteoporose.

Bom Devanir, como você viu, o mate tem muito benefícios e é um alimento bem completo. Não há uma quantidade estabelecida que se pode tomar durante o dia, e sendo um diurético, seus excessos serão apenas eliminados na urina. A única ressalva nesse sentido é para o seu consumo (e de qualquer outro líquido) durante as refeições, pois atrapalham o processo digestivo.

Fonte: http://diariodebiologia.com/2015/12/voce-tem-costume-de-tomar-chimarrao-entenda-porque-voce-deveria-sim-ter-o-habito-de-tomar-essa-bebida/

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